The thyroid gland influences most of the metabolic processes in the body. Thyroid problems can range from small to life threatening.
So what causes thyroid problems? A condition called hyperthyroidism, which is the overproduction of the thyroid hormone.It can occur in several ways:
- Graves’ Disease
The production of too much thyroid hormone
- Toxic adenomas
Nodules develop in the thyroid gland and secrete hormones, which upsets the body’s chemical balance.
- Subacute thyroiditis
This is inflammation of the thyroid, which causes the gland to ‘leak’ excess hormones. This condition is temporary and usually lasts for a few weeks or months.
Other conditions may also be caused by Hypothyroidism, which is the underproduction of thyroid hormones. Your body needs a certain amount of the hormone to function properly, so a drop in hormone production leads to lower energy levels. Some causes of Hypothyroidism are:
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
This is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks the thyroid tissue. The tissue eventually dies and stops producing hormones.
- Removal of the thyroid gland
If the thyroid gland may have been surgically destroyed removed or chemically
- Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide
Too much iodide in your system could damage your thyroid. You will be at greater risk if you already have a thyroid problem.
Although the effects and symptoms may be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be effectively managed if properly diagnosed and treated.